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The Maternal Abject Project
Mireille Astore

11500 words
"Through my research and studio practice, I search for what binds me and separates me from my children. I investigate abjection theories through Julia Kristeva and Georges Bataille and focus on a particular form I call the maternal abject. This occurs at the time an infant separates from its mother, acquires language and maps its own body."
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Tampa
Mireille Astore

1700 words
Tampa is a performance which highlighted the ethnic caging process - currently at a peak in Australia. It is part of a PhD research project which critically analyses the gazing process throughout history and how photography played a key role in shaping and influencing cultural outcomes.
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Comment la littérature réinvente la mémoire
Claude Burgelin
"Science Magazine La Recherche - Special Edition 'La Mémoire et l'Oubli', July-August 2001"
3460 words
"By definition, writing is a type of memory. It preserves traces and defies death. In the wake of WWII, a number of French writers, including Georges Perec, Patrick Modiano, Claude Simon and Nathalie Sarraute, renewed this ancestral art. Their literature reveals to what point human memory is plunder, treachery and shameless theft."
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De la ténacité des souvenirs olfactifs
Joel Candau
"Science Magazine La Recherche - Special Edition 'La Mémoire et l'Oubli', July-August 2001"
3290 words
"More than any other sort of memory, odors evoke very old recollections. Olfactory components have long been left out of the memory equation. Only recently have anthropologists begun to explore the role of cognitive processes in building these lasting memories. A survey of professional activity in the field of odors. "
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Amnésies : l'imagerie cérébrale lève le voile
Francis Eustache , Beatrice Desgranges , Jean-Claude Baron
"Science Magazine La Recherche - Special Edition 'La Mémoire et l'Oubli', July-August 2001"
3230 words
"At first view, Alzheimer's and permanent amnesia seem unrelated. One is progressive and prevails among the elderly, the other is rare and its onset is often sudden. Yet in both cases the memory of concepts is partially maintained, whereas there are no more individual recollections. Does this imply independent memories? "
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Identité personnelle et apprentissage
Pierre Jacob
"Science Magazine La Recherche - Special Edition 'La Mémoire et l'Oubli', July-August 2001"
3200 words
"Our cognitive system forms representations of mental representations, both our own and those of others. The capacity to form these metarepresentations enables us to accumulate autobiographical memories. It also enables us to memorize statements we do not understand, which is important in learning."
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Precarious peacebuilding:
Post-war Lebanon, 1990-2005
Are Knudsen

13500 words
This paper analyses Lebanon's post-war period (1990-2005) from the perspective of peacebuilding and argues that the country's precarious attempts at implementing a peacebuilding agenda must be sought internally in the country's inability to confront its war-time past, regionally in its subservience to Syria and internationally in its strategic irrelevance in the post-cold war period.
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"Privée d'émotions, la mémoire flanche"
Martine Meunier
"Science Magazine La Recherche - Special Edition 'La Mémoire et l'Oubli', July-August 2001"
2570 words
"Emotions and memories are located in the same part of the brain. However, the potential impact of this discovery was neglected throughout the 20th century. This interrelationship only began to be studied when the neurosciences finally focused on emotions "
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De l'Histoire comme moteur des idéologies du suicide
Hassan Salame-Sarkis

8940 words
"The author develops the subject relative to the role and the practice of History in underdeveloped countries first, then in Lebanon -within the country's acknowledged geographical frontiers-: insisting on the fact that, since the beginning of the Lebanese war, thousands of analysis were conducted in order to diagnose the causes for the misfortune of the Lebanese people and to solve the crisis by proposing social, military, political, constitutional and even geographical solutions. But that none of these advocated solutions were efficient."
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Pour un renouvellement de l'enseignement de l'Histoire au Liban
Hassan Salame-Sarkis

6100 words
"The author describes History in Lebanon, as well as in underdeveloped countries, as a subject that isn't well controlled by its specialists and is very often and easily hawked because of its irresistible emotional connotation. It is often used to make a number of "cuts" and to hide certain aspects of facts, accordingly to the environing ideology, not to teach and reconstitute the past. He concludes by proposing that school History manuals in Lebanon should be "unified". "
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Notre mémoire collective: quelle pédagogie?
Hassan Salame-Sarkis

3570 words
"History is a branch of "Human Sciences", it is then relative to the character-structure and the cultural and ideological environment of the Historian and of his audience. Considering this, any new discovery might be "taken" and integrated in the on-going ideology system, then scientific objectiveness would only be a camouflaged form of submission to this system."
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L'Individuel sous influence du collectif
Dan Sperber
"Science Magazine La Recherche - Special Edition 'La Mémoire et l'Oubli', July-August 2001"
3060 words
"Our mental activity is based on external memories that developed in connection with writing, printing and more recently with information technology. This sort of development needs to be understood in terms of social sciences, as well as cognitive sciences. "
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Sur les traces de la mémoire
Remy Versace , Brigitte Nevers
"Science Magazine La Recherche - Special Edition 'La Mémoire et l'Oubli', July-August 2001"
2690 words
"Rather than a juxtaposition of modules and specialized mechanisms, memory would be the whole collection of traces left in our brains by each of our experiences. The reactivation of specific traces occurs when we interact with the environment, enabling memories and knowledge to emerge and to be reconstituted each time. "
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