|books in english
|Historical Dictionary of Lebanon
Scarecrow Press Inc. 1998
The author, a political science teacher, describes -in this dictionary that does not include women- the Lebanese society and culture through accounts concerning political leaders, poets, artists, actors, writers, musicians, singers, important events and places, political parties, militia groups, foreign interests, and military elements; showing their complexities as the result of a unique political system and a richly diverse population and making clear the balances of power that propelled Lebanon into civil war and dragged it back toward peace again.
|United States and the 1958 Lebanon Crisis : American Intervention in the Middle East
University Press of America 1994
A study on the U.S.-Middle East relations between 1953 and 1957: The U.S. Policy relatively to the Lebanese Crisis. Their intervention and its aftermath, as well as the consequences of the Lebanese Crisis for U.S.-Middle East Policy.
|Lebanon in Strife : Student Preludes to the Civil War
University of Texas Press 1977
A prelude to the Lebanese Civil War: The development of the student movement concerned with the question of national identity and struggle for independence that began to emerge . . . when the struggle for independence started to take shape in the Middle East and the rest of the Third World countries.
|Toward a Viable Lebanon
Croon Helm publications 1988
The viability of Lebanon, with consideration given to practical solutions to reconstructing the country: An analysis of the socioeconomic, religious and historical forces that led to the civil war, and its social and psychological consequences.
|Cursed is the Peacemaker: The American Diplomat Versus the Israeli General, Beirut 1982
Applegate Press 2002
This book details the American role in trying to moderate Sharon's siege of Beirut in 1982 -that ended up in causing the death of thousands of Israelis, Palestinians, and Lebanese civilians-. It is the story of how the American diplomat Philip Habib raced to conclude Sharon's siege peacefully.
|The Fateful Triangle : The United States, Israel and the Palestinians
South End Press Classics Series 1999, 2nd ed. updated
The American domination of the Middle East region: the policy of the United States towards Israel concerning the Palestinians until 1983. Three new chapters in this edition: the Palestinian uprising; Israel's war on Lebanon; the ongoing peace process.
|State & Society in Syria & Lebanon, 1919-1991
Saint Martin's Press LLC 1994
A comparative study of the neighboring Middle Eastern countries since the end of the Ottoman empire through the French mandate, and the struggles for independence to the 1991 treaty of cooperation: government policies and practices, economics, and concepts of Arabism and nationalism.
|Bring Down the Walls: Lebanon's Post-War Challenge [Le Défi du Liban d'Après Guerre. Faites Tomber les Murs]
english ed. St. Martin's Press, 2000; french ed. L'Harmattan -Comprendre le Moyen-Orient 2002
After the 16 year-old Lebanese war: prospects for Lebanon's communal representation system and pluralistic society.
|War and Intervention in Lebanon: The Israeli-Syrian Deterrence Dialogue
Johns Hopkins University Press 1987
The background of the Lebanese civil war: Israeli strategy and Syrian military action from 1975 through the mid-1980s. “indirectly channeled through Washington.”
Association of Arab-American University Graduates 1978
Informative short book about South Lebanon and the historical events that have affected the region.
|An Occasion for War : Lebanon and Damascus in the 1860s
The Centre for lebanese Studies (CLS) & I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 1993
The 1860 civil wars in Mount Lebanon which spilled over to Syria to become "the most severe sectarian outbreak in the history of Ottoman Syria and Lebanon."
|State and Society in Lebanon
Tufts University and the Centre for Lebanese Studies, Oxford 1991
War in Lebanon broke out whenever some social, economic, or political event upset its delicate balance and disrupted the equilibrium.
|Pity the Nation: The Abduction of Lebanon
Oxford Paperbacks 2001 (latest edition)
Journalist Fisk tells a story of betrayal and illusion, of a Western blindness and arrogance that has led, inevitably, to political and military catastrophy in Lebanon.
|Lebanon, the fractured country
ed. M. Robertson 1983
The author explains why civil war was inevitable in Lebanon; "political instability being an unavoidable and necessary occurrence within the Lebanese society".
|Coexistence in Wartime Lebanon: Decline of a State and Rise of a Nation
I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 1993
The war in Lebanon has been primarily a surrogate war over Palestine which escalated into a conflict between the diverse Lebanese communities.
|Faces of Lebanon: Sects, Wars, and Global Extensions
Wiener Pub. 2001
The country's geography, sects, and politics; an overview of Lebanon's political history from 1920 to 1989; and an analysis of the country's recent past.
|Nihayat Al-Jidar Al-Tayyib: Sirat Al-Ihhtilal Al-Isra'ili Li Loubnan, 1976-2001
Riad el-Rayyes 2001
The "frontier" the Israelis put between their land and the land of Lebanon in 1976 pretending they put it there for positive relations on all levels between both countries. And which Israel "admits" today, in 2001, didn't serve its -so-called- purpose.
|Lebanon On Hold
Royal Institute of International Affairs 1996
A special paper from the Middle East Programme containing analytical essays (by 17 international specialists) on the reassessment of Lebanon's position in the Middle East peace process after the Israeli attack of April 1996 -from a Lebanese perspective-, and on how to bring a viable peace to the region.
|Civilian Pawns: Laws of War Violations and the Use of Weapons on the Israel-Lebanon Border
Human Rights Watch / Middle East 1996
"This report exposes the inherent fragility of the informal, unwritten "undertandings” between Israel and Hizballah, that, rather than serving to protect civilians -civilian populations of Southern Lebanon and Northern Israel- have created a situation in which civilians are caught in a web of retaliatory violence and in which the killing of civilians has become the ultimate threat and expected response for any transgression of the understandings by either side.”
|Battle of Beirut: Why Israel Invaded Lebanon
Zed Press 1982
"Book condemning Israel's invasion, through which Jansen does not hide her sympathy for the Palestinians, nor for the innocent Lebanese caught in the crossfire of their conflict with the Israelis. She places the invasion firmly in the context of previous Israeli aggression and expansionism, showing clearly that it differed only in degree-not in kind-from earlier Israeli operations."
|Civil and Uncivil Violence: A History of the Internationalization of Communal Conflict in Lebanon
Columbia University Press 2002
Analysis of the history of human strife and political violence in Lebanon which is 'now at crossroads in its process of political and social transformation'.
|U.S. Intervention in Lebanon, 1958 and 1982: Presidential Decision Making
Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated 1991
Comparative study on the intervention of the United States in Lebanon in 1958 and 1982, 'which contrasts the decision making of Presidents Eisenhower and Reagan and the quality and results of their choices.'
|Lebanon: Death of a Nation
Anchor Book Published by Doubleday 1990 (1st ed. 1989; post-script in 1991)
The History of Lebanon, its conflicts and wars, and stories in Lebanon throughout its History.
|Maronites in History
University Press 1986
This first monograph written in English on the Maroniteis is a historical study of the Maronites, an Eastern church of Syrian origin which has been in communion with Rome since the twelfth century.
|The Collapse and Reconstruction of Lebanon
Garnet Publishing (Durham Middle East Papers) 1999
'Analysis of the causes of the breakdown of the post-1943 Lebanese political system, and the effects of the subsequent war on the system'.
|Civil War in Lebanon, 1975-92
The author -a British journalist- tells the story of the Lebanese Civil War (1975 to 1992) 'noted for massacres, treachery, atrocities, kidnapping, assassination, changing alliances of convenience, and invasion' through its chronology, the prelude to it, and the post-war 'National Survival.
|Struggle over Lebanon
Monthly Review Press 1987
Analysis of the origins and development of the Lebanese Civil War, and the role of foreign powers and the local leadership that allied itself to them.
|Lebanon: A Shattered Country
Holmes & Meier Publishers 2001 (1st ed. 1996)
An analysis of The interplay of 'communal conflicts and outside forces' and their effect on the Lebanese social balance.
|The War for Lebanon: 1970-1985
Cornell University Press 1984
An analysis of the 'interplay between Lebanon's domestic politics and developments in the larger Middle East' from 1970 to 1985, as 'a conflict of domestic and external forces seeking to shape and control the Lebanese entity': the collapse of the Lebanese political system between 1970 & 1975; the civil war of 1975-76; the lingering crisis of the years 1976-82; the war of 1982.
|Lebanon's injured identities: who represents whom during a civil war
Papers on Lebanon no. 2, Center of Lebanese Studies, Oxford 1986
'Papers on Lebanon are a series of analytical essays dealing with historical, political and economic issues contributed by the Center of Lebanese Studies' staff and other scholars in the field.'
|Violence and diplomacy in Lebanon: the troubled years, 1982-1988
I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 1995
'Lebanon . . . the site for regional and international conflict played out through its warring communities' in the eighties, since the Israeli invasion.
|A House of Many Mansions. The History of Lebanon Reconsidered
I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 1993
The historical myths on which Lebanon's warring communities have based their conflicting visions of the Lebanese nation.
|Modern History of Lebanon
Greenwood Publishing Group Inc. 1976
Short account of the evolution of modern Lebanon: 'the social and economic forces underlying the evolution of the confessional basis of modern Lebanon's policy.'
|Tarikh Loubnan Al-Hadith
Dar An-Nahar 1991 (first ed. 1967)
An objective account of the History of Modern Lebanon throughout the last two centuries.
|Lebanon: A History of Conflict and Consensus
The Centre for lebanese Studies (CLS) & I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 1988
This volume is the outcome of a conference organized by the Centre for Lebanese Studies in Oxford in September, 1987, written by a group of scholars and experts on Lebanon and cover themes that explain both the roots of the Lebanese conflict and the basis for resolving it.
|The Longest War
New York: Vintage Books, 1982; Chatto and Windus, 2001 1982, 2001
'Book condemning Israel's invasion, but through which Timerman sees the invasion as an aberration from what he imagines to be the mainstream of Zionist ethics. Much of the book is given over to lengthy descriptions of the psychological traumas that Israelis who opposed the war suffered.'
|Notables and Clergy in Mount Lebanon: The Khazin Sheiks and the Maronite Church (1736-1840)
Brill Academic Publishers Inc. 1994
An analysis of the influence of external forces -European, Syrian and Ottoman, the Vatican-, and internal factors -the role of religious foundations, or waqfs- that can explain the remarkable political role of the Maronite Church in the history of Mount Lebanon in the 19th century, through socio-economic transformations.
|Lebanon: War & Politics in a Fragmented Society
Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis Books Ltd 1996
'History and political analysis of Lebanon from ancient times to the present day; on the civil and sectarian strife that has characterized the country's past and contemporary history.'
|Lebanons Quest, the Road to Statehood 1929-1939
I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2000
Analysis of the forming of inter- and intra-sectarian relations in Lebanon between 1929 and 1939.
|Lebanon: The Challenge of Independence
I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2000
The history of Lebanon since its independence: the forming of its character that 'explains' its future 'both rich and successful and troubled and tragic.'
Odyssey Publications 2002
A book with maps and photographs illustrating Lebanon's history: trades, conquest, that led the Lebanese people to become diverse in culture and beliefs, and where, recently, religious differences led to civil war.
|All Honourable Men: the Social Origins of War in Lebanon
The Centre for lebanese Studies (CLS) & I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2002
The author explains the Lebanese civil war through "ethnic conflict": by examining "the history of confessional or ethnic identity in Lebanon and the civil wars of the 1970s and 1980s".
|Lebanon in the 1950s
I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd. in Association With the Centre of Lebanese Studies), 2002
The author explains the truth behind the intrigues and politics that dominated Lebanon in the 1950s that were marked by social and political conflicts and bitter fighting.
|Distant Relations: Iran and Lebanon in the Last 500 Years
I B Tauris & Co Ltd, 2003
A study of the centuries-long contact between Iran and Lebanon on the religious, political, and cultural levels.
|Syria's Terrorist War on Lebanon and the Peace Process
Palgrave Macmillan 2003
"A book on the ways of dictatorship in Syria; offering an analysis of the Syrian regime of Hafez Assad; demonstrating that Syria's role in the Middle East has been, since 1974, an unabated terrorist war against all attempts to resolve peacefully the Arab-Israeli conflict; providing evidence that Syria's role in Lebanon, since 1975, has been to perpetuate the conflict among the various Lebanese communities in order to keep its domination of Lebanon."
|Politics of Interventionism in Ottoman Lebanon, 1830-1861
The Centre for lebanese Studies (CLS) & I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2000
A study of the civil conflict in Lebanon analyzing thirty critical and determinant years in the shaping of the modern politics and patterns of foreign intervention in Lebanon.
I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2002
The author, a Professor of Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Haifa, shows how the influence of the French Mandate in Lebanon "accentuated the divisions already inherent in this multi-ethnic and multi-faith society, paving the way for the instability and wars that have plagued the country ever since".
The Phoenicians, their civilization, commerce and adventures through the seas.
|History of the Arab Peoples
Belknap Press 2002 (updated - 1st ed. 1991)
A panoramic view encompassing twelve centuries of Arab history and culture, the people and events that have fundamentally shaped the Arab world. This new edition includes such events as the Gulf War; civil unrest in Algeria; the change of leadership in Syria, Morocco, and Jordan; and the aftermath of the events of September 11, 2001.The terrorist attacks in the United States, ongoing crisis in Iraq, and renewed violence between Israelis and Palestinians.
|Struggle for Lebanon: A Modern History of Lebanese-Egyptian Relations
I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2000
The author, a freelance journalist and translator, explains Lebanon's survival mainly from the 1950s to 1970s in the minefield of Arab politics and its relations with Egypt during the period 1952-70 that have passed through several phases.
|The Breakdown of the state in Lebanon 1967-1976
I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 1999
The author, -a Professor of Political Studies-, explores a divided society with an open political system in order to understand "why did the Lebanese state, the most open and democratic in the Middle East, break down between 1967 and 1976?"
|The maronites: history and constants
The Maronite Heritage Publications 2001
The illustrated (600 photos) history of the Maronites of Lebanon describing "their belief of God, their attachment to human rights, freedom, justice and sovereignty [and] impregnated with the spirit of martyrdom, sanctity and heroism."
Mason Crest Publishers 2002
Discusses the geography, history, economy, government, religion, people, foreign relations, and major cities of Lebanon.
|Murder, Mayhem, Pillage and Plunder : The History of the Lebanon in the 18th and 19th Centuries
State University of New York Pr., 1998
Detailed history of Lebanon in the 19th century: the ruling sheikhs, the religious divisions, as well as the various domestic and foreign players in the author’s personal opinion.
|Lebanon: The Politics of a Penetrated Society
"….A concise and lucid account of contemporary Lebanese society through both a developed understanding of the pre-civil war system and an analysis of how circumstances resulting from the civil war combined with essential pre-war elements to define the contemporary political processes in Lebanon."
|Lessons of Lebanon : The Economics of War and Development
“The text offers an in-depth analysis of Lebanese economic development during the second half of the 20th century, with special emphasis on the civil war and its aftermath. Makdissi offers a definitive assessment of the principal phases of national development since Lebanese independence in the 1940s, and a study of those conditions requisite for sustainable development for Lebanon, as for many other developing countries.”
|The 33-Day War: Israel's War on Hezbollah in Lebanon and Its Consequences
Paradigm. Publ. 2007
This book examines the causes and consequences of the impact of israel’s war on Lebanon, describing Hezbollah’s position among the Shiites as well as Lebanon’s other religious communities and political forces, and analysing the roles of Syria, Iran, Hamas, the United States, and Europe.
|The Vanished Imam: Musa al-Sadr and the Shia of Lebanon
Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Press 1986
The story of Musa al-Sadr, the spiritual leader of Lebanon’s Shi’a community, who disappeared mysteriously in the summer of 1978, and the analysis of his past, who he was, his personal Shi’a doctrine, his role within Lebanon’s warring factions, and the reason behind his disappearance.
|Killing Mr. Lebanon: The Assasination of Rafik Hariri and its Impact on the Middle East
B. Tauris 2006
Based on exclusive interviews with key sources, the author retraces the last days of Lebanon’s former prime minister Rafik Hariri killed on Valentine's Day 2005, analyses his past, and assess the impact of his death on Lebanese politics.
|The Shi'is of Jabal 'Amil and the New Lebanon: Community and Nation-State, 1918-1943
Palgrave Macmillan 2006
This study analyses the increased political activism of the Shi’a community, and explores how Arab nationalism went from being an ideology of the opposition to a tool for political domination.
|Pax Syriana: Elite Politics in Postwar Lebanon
Syracuse Univ. Press 2012
This book portrays postwar Lebanon and its political scene: the author analyses the Syrian influence, describes the political history of Lebanon… defined by the legacy of war, and the Lebanese… marked by the scars of the civil war.
|Lebanon: A History, 600 - 2011
Oxford Univ. Press, USA 2012
The history of the sectarian communities of Mount Lebanon and its surroundings, describing the antecedents of modern multi-communal Lebanon and depicting the identities of its Maronite Christians, Shi‘a Muslims, and Druze, from their origins between the 6th and 11th centuries… up until today’s Modern Lebanon.
|The Politics of Violence, Truth and Reconciliation in the Arab Middle East
This work includes studies of six Arab countries where a number of initiatives aiming at promoting the “truth” and justice are challenging the legacies of political violence.
|Beware of Small States: Lebanon, Battleground of the Middle East
Nation Books 2010
The history of Lebanon, culminating with the 2006 war between Israel and Hezbollah, and its aftermath.
|Beirut's Heartbeat: Story of our City
M.I. Associates 2011
In this study of Beirut –“whose regular heartbeat pounds at well over 100”–, the author describes and assesses 60 years of achievements, despair, rejuvenation and search for stability.
|Rafiq Hariri and the Fate of Lebanon
Saqi Books 2006
This book is about Lebanon’s former prime minister self-made billionaire Rafiq Hariri’s assassination declared by the United Nations Security Council as an international terrorist act with critical consequences on the regional as well as on the international level. The author describes Hariri’s rise from a modest fruit picker to a construction magnate in Saudi Arabia, and prime minister of Lebanon for ten years, and gives an in-depth analysis of the Hariri years.
|The Communist Movement in Syria and Lebanon
Univ. Press of Florida 1998
Based on party documents and literature, and interviews with key players, this study examines the development and growth of the communist movement in Syria and Lebanon, its internal conflicts, and its fragmentation during the 20th century.
|The Mehlis' Report
New Directions Publ. Corp. 2013
About the assassination of Lebanon’s former prime minister Rafic Hariri.
|Inside Lebanon: Journey to a Shattered Land with Noam and Carol Chomsky
Monthly Review Press 2007
This book –including essays and photographs– describes Chomsky's visit to Lebanon, and analyses the social-political conditions in Lebanon, Gaza, and the refugee camps, detailing Israel’s as well as Hizbullah’s and Hamas’ position and role in this conflict, and chronicling the war linking it the global order.
|Lebanon: A House Divided
Pub W. W. Norton & Co. 2006
A History of Lebanon’s civil war with an introduction on recent events, describing its role as the gateway between West and East.
|Levant: Splendour and Catastrophe on the Mediterranean
Yale Univ. Press 2011
A colourful description of three former hubs of wealth, pleasure, and freedom: Smyrna, Alexandria, and Beirut.
|The Lebanese Connection: Corruption, Civil War, and the International Drug Traffic
Stanford Univ. Press 2012
Basing his work on previously secret government records, the author explains how Lebanon's economy and politics were corrupted by the drug trade that contributed to cause the civil war by financing the various militias in Lebanon. He also weighs the role of the neighbouring countries that used Lebanon as their battleground.
|Hezbollah: A Short History
Princeton Univ. Press 2007
A history of Hezbollah’s creation, evolution, and its possible future direction.
|Lebanon: Liberation, Conflict, and Crisis
Palgrave Macmillan 2010
An explanation of the issues, events, and personalities involved in Lebanon, a country considered as being afflicted with the most “political battles, military conflicts, and complexity per person and per square mile”.
|Hizbu'Llah: Politics and Religion
Pluto Press 2001
An analysis of democracy, notably of the electoral systems as well as of the structures of parliamentary democracies.
|The Government and Politics of Lebanon
A study of the origin, development, and institutionalization of sectarian “consociationalism” in Lebanon through the examination of its sectarian politics during different stages of history.
|A History of Modern Lebanon
Pluto Press 2007
The first comprehensive history of Lebanon in the modern period, based on previously inaccessible archives, written by a leading Lebanese scholar.
|A Land of Aching Hearts: The Middle East in the Great War
Harvard Univ. Press 2014
The people of modern Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and Palestine, as well as those of Turkey, Iraq, and Egypt, after the Great War.