Lebanese war chronology - 1983 > back to chronology     
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January 3, 1983
monday
  Tension was at its peak in Tripoli. A shell storm hit the city making 20 deaths and several wounded. The combats opposed the Popular Resistance to the Arab Strike Force.
January 5, 1983
wednesday
  Pope John-Paul II appointed the maronite Patriarch of Antioch and the East, Bishop Antonios Boutros Khoreiche, Cardinal. Bishop Khoreiche was born on the 20th of September, 1907 at Ain Ebel in Southern Lebanon. After having studied at Saint Joseph University, he was ordained priest on April 12, 1930. He became Bishop on October 1950 and Archbishop of Saida in 1957. On April 11, 1974, he became patriarchal vicar general of Bkerkeh. Following the death of Patriarch Meouchi on January 11, 1975, the synod elected Bishop Khoreiche on February 3, 1975, after a conclave of 15 days.
January 6, 1983
thursday
  The Israeli forces pursued their combing operations in the sectors of Laylaki, Kfarchima and Choueifat. The 'Marines' sent a severe warning to the Israeli army.
January 10, 1983
monday
  In order to accelerate the Israeli-Lebanese negotiations, the American President Ronal Reagan rushed Philip Habib to the region.
January 11, 1983
tuesday
  Bombs fell on Hadeth and Baabda. For the first time since the Israeli invasion in June 1982 and since the Multinational Force arrived in Beirut, the guns came closer to the capital as bombs fell on the suburbs of Hadeth, Baabda, Kfarchima and Bsaba killing 2 and injuring 9.
January 13, 1983
thursday
  The sixth Lebanese-American-Israeli round of negotiations took place in Kyriet Shmona, Israel. Five points were put on the agenda: 1- Ending the state of war. 2- Reaching security arrangements. 3- Establishing a framework for mutual relations, including matters such as liaison, and end of propaganda... 4- Completing the withdrawal program: conditions for the Israeli withdrawal within the context of a withdrawal of all foreign forces. 5- Giving eventual guarantees
January 15, 1983
satruday
  The combats intensified in the mountain between the Lebanese Forces and the Progressive Socialist Party. Bombs fell in Broumana and close to Moukhtara.
January 23, 1983
sunday
  The American envoy, Philip Habib headed back to Washington empty-handed. Israel continued to impose unacceptable conditions on Lebanon, notably concerning the set up of Israeli pre-alert stations on the Lebanese territory.
January 25, 1983
tuesday
  France granted more than 100 millions of French Francs as a back up for Hôtel-Dieu. The hospital was facing great financial difficulties.
January 28, 1983
friday
  39 persons were killed and tens of others were wounded following a car bomb explosion parked in front of the 'Fateh' headquarters in Chtaura.
January 30, 1983
sunday
  A bomb storm fell on East Beirut. While a constructive beginning of the week was expected, mainly concerning the project of a disarmed and open 'Greater Beirut', blind violence hit again. Following the degradation of the situation in the mountain between the Lebanese Forces and the Progressive Socialist Party, mortar shells, Katiouchas and other Grad fell on East Beirut causing important material damages.
February 2, 1983
wednesday
  The aggressions didn't spare the Multinational Force. Reacting to the anti-French attacks, the President of the French Republic, Francois Mitterand, ordered the reinforcement of the French contingent in Lebanon.
February 4, 1983
friday
  The situation went out of control in the mountain as bombs fell on East Beirut.
February 5, 1983
satruday
  A remotely controlled car bomb exploded killing 19 and injuring 136 in front of the Palestinian research center and the Libyan Jana agency, in Caracas street.
February 7, 1983
monday
  A 20-point security agreement to pacify the mountain was finally reached between the Lebanese Forces and the Druze, under Israeli aegis.
February 14, 1983
monday
  The Army deployed 3800 soldiers and officers in the East between Nahr El Mott, Dora and Hazmieh, by virtue of a decree granting it extended powers.
February 15, 1983
tuesday
  The Armenian Community in Lebanon gave a grandiose and emotional official farewell to its Patriarch H.S. Khoren 1st Catholicos of the house of Cilicie, dead at the age of 69.
February 16, 1983
wednesday
  A car bomb exploded in Antelias not far from a Phalange office. Once again, the civilians paid the price of this ferocity.
February 20, 1983
sunday
  Even the weather seemed to conspire against Lebanon in the beginning of this year. The storm and the cold raging from the coast up to the peaks of Lebanon claimed several victims. 23 cadavers were discovered and tens of persons were reported missing in the region of Dahr El Baydar. Rescue teams had already succeeded in saving 200 persons; but tens of others, trapped in their cars or buried under the snow where they were attempting to find shelter, were fighting death. The final toll reached 60 deaths and tens of isolated villages.
February 23, 1983
wednesday
  The American envoy Philip Habib returned to Beirut to speed up the withdrawal process.
March 4, 1983
friday
  A Lebanese Army convoy was attacked near Baalbeck. 6 militaries were killed and 13 injured. The assailants were pro-Iranians fighters.
March 5, 1983
satruday
  Rain and snow fell again on Lebanon, thus increasing the risks of flood as the streams and rivers, caused by the rain and the melting snow, were threatening to overflow. The State mobilized its entire means to prevent a catastrophe.
March 7, 1983
monday
  The State regained control over the fifth basin of the port.
March 9, 1983
wednesday
  At the summit of New Delhi, President Amine Gemayel pleaded Lebanon's cause in front of 95 nations. He declared that Lebanon pursued a triple objective in the negotiations: preserve the national consensus, safeguard the State's sovereignty, and maintain the country's credibility among the Arabs.
March 13, 1983
sunday
  The negotiations that were taking place in Washington, in view of an Israeli troops withdrawal from Lebanon, seemed to have reached some progress. Back to Lebanon, an attack against an Israeli patrol in Jiyeh provoked the death of three soldiers.
March 16, 1983
wednesday
  14 American Marines and Italian bersaglieri were wounded by three attacks perpetrated in less than 12 hours. Washington and Rome declared however that the Multinational Force would continue its mission. The Lebanese Army launched a clean up operation in the Southern suburbs.
March 18, 1983
friday
  During his visit to the region, former American President, Jimmy Carter met with President Gemayel, while the negotiations were frozen binding the return of Philip Habib. These negotiations resumed on March 21.
March 26, 1983
satruday
  Following troubles triggered by a series of arrests, the Army reinstated the calm in Bir El Abed. It was the first incident of this kind since the inception of 'Greater Beirut'.
April 4, 1983
monday
  Shiite leaders called for a sit-in South Lebanon.
April 6, 1983
wednesday
  The government decided to raise the salaries in the private sector: 10% up to 2500 LP, 9% raging from 2501 to 4000 LP, and 4% above 4000 LP.
April 13, 1983
wednesday
  General Moussa Kanaan was appointed new CEO of Télé-Liban.
April 13, 1983
wednesday
  The French soldiers of the Multinational Force dug out a 1000 kilos bomb dropped by an Israeli airplane during the summer of 1982 and buried next to a building. 15000 persons were evacuated from their homes.
April 17, 1983
sunday
  The Israeli Minister of Defense, Moshe Arens considered that the Middle East peace process was not dead and that a peace agreement between Israel and Lebanon would be concluded in the near future.
April 18, 1983
monday
  A murderous attack was perpetrated against the United States embassy in Beirut. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack executed using a small truck loaded with explosives driven by a Kamikaze. The embassy's building was totally devastated, resulting in the death of 61 persons including 17 Americans. Two hours after the attack, President Gemayel arrived at the scene in order to supervise the rescue operations.
April 22, 1983
friday
  While President Reagan was still determined to reestablish security and freedom in Lebanon, Lawrence Eagleburger, the American under-secretary of State, arrived in Beirut to take back the remains of the American citizens killed during the attack against the American embassy.
April 26, 1983
tuesday
  The Phalangist militia handed over the alleged assassin of Bechir Gemayel, Habib Chartouni, to the Army.
April 28, 1983
thursday
  As part of his trip to the Middle East, the Secretary of State, George Shultz made a quick stop in Lebanon. He visited the ruins of the American embassy and met with Lebanese officials.
April 29, 1983
friday
  Serge Lama gave his first recital at the Theatre du Liban.
May 1, 1983
sunday
  While the American Secretary of Sate, George Shultz was undertaking a forcing to reach an agreement between Israel and Lebanon, the mountain went again on fire. The Lebanese Forces and the PSP resumed their combats. The bombardments reached the Kesrouan coastline. They continued in the days to follow causing tens of victims.
May 9, 1983
monday
  87 Soviet nationals were evacuated from Lebanon while the Lebanese Forces requested the closure of schools. The tension was at its highest.
May 14, 1983
satruday
  The Council of Ministers approved unanimously the draft agreement with Israel which only needed to be signed.
May 17, 1983
tuesday
  The Lebanese-Israeli agreement was signed during two solemn ceremonies taking place simultaneously in Kyriat Shmona and in Khaldeh. The agreement sponsored by the United States was supposed to put an end to the state of war.
May 22, 1983
sunday
  23 hostages were executed in the Chouf. Efforts intensified to avoid escalation.
June 3, 1983
friday
  An earthquake of 5.3 magnitude on the Richter scale provoked panic but caused no victims.
June 14, 1983
tuesday
  While the bombardments took a dangerous turn in the mountain as they reached residential areas, the Chamber of Deputies approved the ratification of the Mai 17 agreement with 62 votes against 2 and 4 abstentions.
June 16, 1983
thursday
  Disguised armed elements fired on the crowd in Tripoli, killing 15 persons. The tensioned lasted several days in the capital of the North.
June 20, 1983
monday
  Lebanon lost one of its major poets. Nadia Tueni left behind her pages of pure beauty, eternal words, an immortal poetry, a Lebanon on fire, a tearful family, and inconsolable friends.
June 27, 1983
monday
  Violent combats were raging in the region of Mansouriet-Bhamdoun between the Lebanese Forces and the PSP militia. The bombs reached the Northern Metn.
June 29, 1983
wednesday
  Philip Habib undertook a new tour in the region. The Lebanese officials informed him in Beirut of their opposition to any partial Israeli withdrawal from the mountain.
July 5, 1983
tuesday
  The American Secretary of State arrived in Beirut as part of a new tour. 'Complete withdrawals should be executed according to a defined timetable', declared the US diplomat.
July 7, 1983
thursday
  Prime Minister Chaffic Wazzan escaped from a killing attempt. A car bomb exploded on his way to his office in Sanayeh.
July 19, 1983
tuesday
  President Gemayel, accompanied by the Prime Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs, began an eight-day official visit to the United States where he met with President Reagan. The meetings were centered on the withdrawal of all foreign troops from Lebanon.
July 21, 1983
thursday
  The President of the A.U.B, David Dodge who was kidnapped on the 19th of July 1982, was released. The White House expressed its gratitude to Syria.
July 23, 1983
satruday
  The National Salvation Front was born. It was run by Sleiman Frangieh, Rachid Karameh and Walid Joumblatt and was requesting the abrogation of the Mai 17 Israeli-Lebanese agreement.
August 5, 1983
friday
  While the new American envoy Robert McFarlane began a trip to the different capitals of the region, terrorism hit innocent civilians again. A car parked at the entrance of a mosque in Tripoli exploded killing 19 and injuring 70.
August 7, 1983
sunday
  Blind terrorism continued to strike. A car bomb exploded in Baalbeck, killing 33 persons and injuring 133 others.
August 10, 1983
wednesday
  The political cleavage between the Lebanese authorities and the opposition was accentuated. Three ministers, Adel Hamiye, Adnan Mroueh and Pierre El Khoury were intercepted by militiamen, while on mission in the Chouf. They were released the next day.
August 21, 1983
sunday
  The first signs of an imminent Israeli redeployment in the south of the Awali river multiplied. Lebanon urged the United States to intervene in order to delay this initiative.
August 28, 1983
sunday
  Beirut witnessed four days of madness and bombardments during which the Army lost control of the situation in a matter of one day, in favor of the militiamen.
September 1, 1983
thursday
  During the month of September, atrocious massacres were perpetrated against Christian and Druze civilians in the Chouf.
September 4, 1983
sunday
  Taking the Lebanese authorities by surprise, the Israeli Army began its withdrawal from the Chouf and Aley leaving face to face the militia of the PSP and the LF in a merciless battle. The combats raged mainly around Bhamdoun, Souk El Gharb and Kabr Chmoun. A dramatic situation unfolded in the mountain where thousands of people were forced out of their homes. 30 000 people found temporary shelter in Deir El Kamar. The rehousing of the displaced persons caused a complicated problem for the officials.
September 18, 1983
sunday
  Emir Magid Arslane died at the age of 79. Hero of the independence, deputy since 1931, and several times minister, Emir Magid became very early a true national leader, a perfect incarnation of the generation of men who have shaped the coexistence aspect of Lebanon.
September 19, 1983
monday
  The American warships pounded the anti-governmental forces in the mountain confirming the American support to the legal authority.
September 22, 1983
thursday
  It was the turn of the French to react. The super-standards bombarded the artillery positions in Dhour Choueir while a bomb shower fell on Greater Beirut.
September 26, 1983
monday
  Prime Minister Chafic Wazzan presented the resignation of his government to the chief of State, who refused it.
October 7, 1983
friday
  A first exchange of hostages between the LF and the P.S.P was possible under the aegis of the four-party military commission. Furthermore, the commission succeeded in assuring the entry of a Red Cross convoy in Deir El Kamar where 25,000 refugees had found shelter.
October 12, 1983
wednesday
  Political confusion, frequent violations of the cease-fire, alarming threats were as many elements that favored monetary speculation in Beirut. The dollar registered a spectacular increase against the Lebanese pound reaching 515 L.P.
October 18, 1983
tuesday
  Violent artillery duels were taking place on the axis Aley-Souk El Gharb-Dahr El Wahch and in the Iqlim. The situation became uncontrollable.
October 23, 1983
sunday
  Two attacks were perpetrated against the general headquarters of the American contingent next to the Beirut International Airport and against a position of the French contingent in Jnah. The double attack made 241 deaths and 60 injured among the Americans, and 58 deaths and 15 injured among the French. It was a true declaration of war to the political military and even physical presence of the West in Lebanon.
October 24, 1983
monday
  The French President Mitterand made a quick visit to Beirut and declared: ' We will stay'.
October 31, 1983
monday
  The dialog conference opened in Geneva. This national reconciliation conference represented the only hope for the Lebanese.
November 2, 1983
wednesday
  At the Geneva conference, the Mai 17 agreement was the main subject of debates. A Gemayel-Frangieh reconciliation took place.
November 4, 1983
friday
  Participants in the Geneva conference asked President Gemayel to undertake an Arab and occidental tour in order to attempt solving the problem of the May 17 agreement.
November 4, 1983
friday
  A car bomb exploded next to the Israeli headquarters in Tyr causing 29 deaths and 29 injured. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for this killing attempt.
November 6, 1983
sunday
  The situation was dramatic in Tripoli. Inter-Palestinian fights claimed 500 deaths and 875 injured.
November 17, 1983
thursday
  The French aviation hit pro-Iranian bases in Baalbeck.
November 20, 1983
sunday
  An Israeli airplane was shut down by the D.C.A. in the Lebanese sky.
November 24, 1983
thursday
  Six Israeli prisoners were exchanged against 4600 Palestinian and Lebanese prisoners.
November 25, 1983
friday
  A Syrian-Saudi agreement was reached in Damascus for the evacuation of Palestinians from Tripoli.
November 30, 1983
wednesday
  President Gemayel met with the American President at the White House.
December 1, 1983
thursday
  Sheikh Halim Takieddine, Chief of the Druze religious law courts was assassinated; this triggered great emotions in political and religious spheres in Beirut.
December 4, 1983
sunday
  The Syrian anti-air defense shut down two American airplanes and a pilot was captured. The positions of the Marines at the Beirut International Airport were bombarded. Eight Marines were killed. The American President was angry: 'We will retaliate if we are attacked again'.
December 5, 1983
monday
  150 kilos of hexogen exploded at Tarik Jdideh spreading terror, killing 16 persons and injuring 100.
December 8, 1983
thursday
  A water tower exploded in the Bekaa and the flooding provoked a landslide that destroyed 10 houses and killed 20 persons.
December 14, 1983
wednesday
  The American battleship New Jersey entered into action and launched 11 bombs of 1500 kilos each against Syrian positions in Dahr El Baydar.
December 15, 1983
thursday
  2500 Lebanese Forces fighters were evacuated from Deir El Kamar.
December 16, 1983
friday
  The Beirut International Airport, closed since November 30, was reopened to air traffic.
December 20, 1983
tuesday
  Yasser Arafat and 4300 Palestinians left Tripoli aboard Greek ships.
December 21, 1983
wednesday
  A truck bomb attack against the frigate post of the French contingent of the Multinational Force in Berjaoui killed one paratrooper and injured 16 others. Another 16 persons were killed and 84 were injured among the Lebanese civilians.
December 28, 1983
wednesday
  After three days marked by violent combats in the capital, the Army announced that it was controlling the camps of Sabra and Chatila.
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