Lebanese war chronology - 1984 > back to chronology     
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January 2, 1984
monday
  The year started like the previous one ended : everyone was talking about a new security plan for the mountain and the Southern suburbs of Beirut. Nevertheless, the fights continued intermittently in these regions between the Army and the Lebanese Forces on one side and the Progressive Socialist Party and Amal on the other.
January 4, 1984
wednesday
  A double Israeli raid in the region of Baalbeck caused tens of victims and buried many persons under the debris. In Beirut, the electric power was severely rationed by the EDL due to damaged installations in the Iqlim El Kharroub. The acts of resistance against the Israeli occupation continued in South Lebanon. Until the end of 1984, not a single day passed without one, two or three killing attempts perpetrated against Israeli troops or the local militias that they created.
January 9, 1984
monday
  An anti-French killing attempt at the RĂ©sidence des Pins killed a paratrooper and wounded two others. Attacks against US and French troops of the Multinational Force continued until their departure in March.
January 12, 1984
thursday
  One person was killed and many others were wounded in Achrafieh in a blind bombardment of residential areas. These bombings continued until July 4, causing thousands of deaths and injuries. Meanwhile, the dollar broke a new record in Beirut, reaching 5.55 LP.
January 15, 1984
sunday
  Ships from the sixth US fleet were positioned off Beirut. They were retaliating to the bombing of Marines' headquarters in the capital.
January 16, 1984
monday
  Saad Haddad, commander of the Army of Free Lebanon, died from a generalized cancer. He was 47 years old and was buried in his birthplace, Marjeyoun.
January 16, 1984
monday
  Blind bombardments killed 16 persons and wounded 75 others in Beirut. Anxiety and fear prevailed. Schools and hospitals received their daily lot of bombs, amid international indifference. Panic reached the Lebanese stock exchange market where the Dollar amounted almost for six Lebanese Pounds.
January 18, 1984
wednesday
  The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the killing attempt that cost the life of Malcolm Kerr, President of the American University in Beirut, shot in front of his office.
January 22, 1984
sunday
  Walid Joumblatt, president of the Progressive Socialist Party, requested the resignation of the Lebanese government.
February 2, 1984
thursday
  The schools closed their doors in the Eastern sector of the capital due to the blind shelling of Beirut and its suburbs.
February 5, 1984
sunday
  President Gemayel announced his intention to form a national union government and presented a program of 8 points to save the country. He also convoked a new conference for national reconciliation in Geneva on February 27. The resignation of the Wazzan government presented on September 26, 1983, was finally accepted.
February 6, 1984
monday
  In a matter of hours, Amal took control over West Beirut. The capital was heavily bombed, while the Army gave up the control of the Western sector of the Capital to Amal and to the Islamic militias.
February 8, 1984
wednesday
  The ' New Jersey ', the most powerful battleship in the world from the 6 US fleet, bombed for several hours anti-governmental positions in the mountain.
February 9, 1984
thursday
  Foreign diplomats and nationals were evacuated form the Western regions where anarchy prevailed.
February 11, 1984
satruday
  French porpoises and Internal Security forces took in charge the Museum crossing point.
February 14, 1984
tuesday
  Amal and PSP met in Khaldeh, while only Souk El Gharb was still controlled by the Army in the mountain.
February 15, 1984
wednesday
  Mechref and Damour fell under the control of the PSP, while violent combats raged around Souk El Gharb, the last obstacle in the mountain.
February 17, 1984
friday
  The Marines withdrew from Beirut. The Italian contingent of the Multinational Force was soon to follow. The capital was left on its own.
February 29, 1984
wednesday
  President Amine Gemayel visited Damascus. The observers expected a normalization soon after. Indeed, the Syrian President approved the opening of new round Israeli-Lebanese negotiations.
March 5, 1984
monday
  The Wazzan government met under the presidency of Gemayel and abrogated the Israeli-Lebanese agreement of May 17. A new reconciliation conference was to be held on the 12th of March in Lausanne.
March 12, 1984
monday
  The Lausanne conference began and lasted until March 20. The observers considered it a camouflaged failure. The participants decided to execute a security plan, stop slanderous campaigns, create a constituent assembly, and resume the dialog under the patronage of the chief of State.
March 22, 1984
thursday
  The PSP, backed up by Amal, forced the Mourabitun out of Beirut.
March 25, 1984
sunday
  It was the French contingent's turn to leave Beirut while the Eastern regions remained the target of blind and murderous bombardments.
March 28, 1984
wednesday
  While a deluge of fire fell on residential areas killing 26 persons and wounding 148 others, 40 French observers arrived in Beirut to supervise the cease-fire. The high political and military committee created during the Lausanne conference held its first meeting in Baabda.
April 4, 1984
wednesday
  The retired General Antoine Lahd took his functions as head of the South Lebanon Army (SLA) created and financed by Israel. This new militia replaced Saad Haddad's Army of Free Lebanon. Artillery duels continued in Beirut and in the mountain, making the month of April one of the worst months in the Lebanese crisis. In Tripoli, the confrontations between the Islamic Unification Movement and the Arab Democratic Party continued violently for several months.
April 18, 1984
wednesday
  The forces disengagement plan was to be applied on the demarcation line in Beirut, in the suburbs, and in the mountain. An interposition force of 1,8000 men and French observers would separate the fighters.
April 19, 1984
thursday
  An agreement was signed during the new Assad-Gemayel summit in Damascus. It included the following points: forming a national union government, consolidating of the cease-fire, and reorganizing the Army.
April 26, 1984
thursday
  Rachid Karameh, who was in charge of forming the national union government, started his parliamentary consultations.(bio)
April 30, 1984
monday
  The new national union government was as follows: Rachid Karameh: President of the Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs Adel Osseirane: Minister of Defense and Agriculture Nabih Berri: Minsiter of Hydroelectric resources and Justice Camille Chamoun: Minster of Finance, Housing, and Cooperatives Pierre Gemayel: Minster of Posts and Telecommunications, Health and Social Affairs. Walid Joumblatt: Minister of Public Works, and Tourism Selim Hoss: Minister of Labor and National Education Joseph Skaff: Minister of Information Abdallah Racy: Minister of Interior Victor Cassir: Minister of Economy and Trade and Minister of Industry and Oil
May 5, 1984
satruday
  A new round of murderous violence killed 22 persons and wounded 107 others. The bombardments reached the Baabda Palace, forcing the organizers of a peace walk to express national dissatisfaction, to cancel the event.
May 14, 1984
monday
  The Greek Orthodox school of Notre-Dame de l'Annonciation in Achrafieh was bombed, killing one student and wounding 23 others. All schools were shut in protest against this barbarian act.
May 17, 1984
thursday
  In the camp of Ain El Heloueh, the Israelis dynamited 70 houses and arrested 150 persons.
May 28, 1984
monday
  The US embassy in Beirut announced that it will open a temporary office in East Beirut. It also confirmed that extremists were preparing an anti-American attack in Beirut.
June 7, 1984
thursday
  It was impossible to put an end to the blind shelling. No one, neither a national union government, nor a 4-party military commission, was able to stop the bombardment of the residential areas which started 24 hours ago and had caused 5 dead and 37 injured persons so far.
June 8, 1984
friday
  16 French observers positioned on the 888 hill and at Kalaat El Hosn in the mountain.
June 11, 1984
monday
  This is one of the most violent days since 1976. No words are enough to describe the ongoing butchery. 90 persons lost their lives and 353 were wounded on this single day.
June 12, 1984
tuesday
  While Lebanon was burying its dead, the Parliament voted the confidence by 53 votes against 15, and 3 abstentions. The Chamber extended its mandate for 2 years.
June 18, 1984
monday
  As a result of marathon debates launched by Khaddam in Bickfaya, Gemayel, Karameh, Berri and Joumblatt agreed on a global security plan.
June 23, 1984
satruday
  54 days after its formation, the Karameh government adopted a new security plan as well as a new defense law. A military council comprising six members was created and Michel Aoun was appointed commander in chief of the Army.
Michel Aoun was born in 1935 in Haret Hreik, in the Southern suburbs of Beirut. He started his military carrier in 1955 when he was 20 years old. He specialized in artillery, and accomplished several military trainings in France and the United States before spending 2 years, from 1978 to 1980, at the Ecole de Guerre (War Academy) in Paris. Back to Lebanon, he was promoted to corporal and, on the 24th of June 1984, he became commander in chief of the Army.
June 27, 1984
wednesday
  The Israeli aviation and navy bombed the Rabbits Island off Tripoli. 15 fishermen were injured.
July 2, 1984
monday
  A rocket attack hit the offices of l'Orient-Le-Jour causing serious damages.
July 4, 1984
wednesday
  The Army was deployed in Greater Beirut. The crossing points were reopened, thus unifying the Eastern and Western sectors of the Capital.
July 7, 1984
satruday
  The parents of kidnapped and disappeared persons demonstrated and blocked the Museum axis.
July 9, 1984
monday
  The Beirut International Airport and the Port also reopened. They had been closed since February 6.
July 12, 1984
thursday
  Violent confrontations opposed the Marada, President Frangieh's militia, to the Syrian Nationalist Party.
July 14, 1984
satruday
  Talal Salman, chief editor of the newspaper As Safir, was seriously injured by a killing attempt. The Press went on strike for 24 hours to protest against this incident.
July 16, 1984
monday
  The Marada and the Syrian Nationalist Party signed an agreement in Damascus, putting an end to the 'war in the North'.
July 20, 1984
friday
  An rocket attack was perpetrated against the Soviet embassy in Mazraa. The 'organization of the sharp sword', an unknown organization, claimed responsibility for the attack.
July 21, 1984
satruday
  A Lebanese hijacker captured an MEA airplane connecting Abou-Dhabi to Beirut, to protest against the Israeli occupation of Southern Lebanon. He surrenders to the authorities after harsh negotiations. The airplane had 138 passengers and 9 crewmembers aboard.
July 22, 1984
sunday
  Walid Joumblatt agreed on the return of Christians to the Chouf and Aley.
July 25, 1984
wednesday
  In Tripoli, a violent battle opposed Islamists from Sheikh Said Chaabane's Islamic Unification Movement to the Arab Democratic Party's Red Knights. A deluge of metal and fire hit the capital of the North. These fights killed 15 persons and injured 60 others.
July 25, 1984
wednesday
  The local authorities decided to close an Israeli liaison bureau located in Dbayeh, the last link between the two countries.
July 28, 1984
satruday
  'There is no more East or West', declared the commander of Beirut. The unification of the capital seemed to have succeeded.
August 1, 1984
wednesday
  A catastrophe was avoided at the Beirut International Airport where an Air France Boeing 737, hijacked during its flight from Frankfurt to Paris, was authorized to land in Beirut. The negotiations with the Lebanese authorities failed and the engine flew back amid general confusion. It almost hit several firefighter vehicles that were parked across the runway in order to prevent the airplane from moving.
August 13, 1984
monday
  The exchange rate of the dollar reached 6.20 LP.
The rise of the American dollar continued until the end of the year. The depreciation of the Lebanese Pound was due to political as well as economic difficulties in the country. Besides, the government was profoundly divided and unable to meet.
August 21, 1984
tuesday
  It was almost hell in Tripoli, as combats continued between the Islamic Unification Movement and the Arab Democratic Party. 54 deaths and 150 injuries were reported during the 48 hours of fight.
August 23, 1984
thursday
  The Army's chief of staff, General Nadim Hakim and eight of his companions were killed in a helicopter accident that departed from Ehden in the North. An investigation commission concluded that it was a simple accident.
August 29, 1984
wednesday
  Pierre Gemayel, head of the Phalange Party and Minister of Posts and Telecommunications and Health died from a heart attack. An official three-day mourning was announced, as well as a general one-day closure. (bio)
September 4, 1984
tuesday
  Joseph Hachem was appointed Minister of Health and Posts and Telecommunications in replacement of Pierre Gemayel. Malek Salam was appointed president of the Council for Development and Reconstruction. The mandate of Michel El Khoury, Governor of the Central Bank, was extended.
September 5, 1984
wednesday
  The Minister Selim El Hoss escaped, one more time, from a car bomb killing attempt in Raoucheh.
September 6, 1984
thursday
  At the United Nations, the United States vetoed a Lebanese draft resolution submitted to the Security Council. This draft resolution requested from Israel, the 'occupying force', to respect civil rights in South Lebanon.
September 15, 1984
satruday
  The participants in a round-table on Lebanon held in Lausane concluded that '15 billion dollars spread out on 10 years were needed for the reconstruction of Lebanon.' An international association comprising important persons from the world of economics and finance organized this meeting.
September 16, 1984
sunday
  The fraud scandal at the baccalaureate exams repeated itself. The exams were cancelled in eight centers in West Beirut.
September 17, 1984
monday
  The ministerial 'conclaves' started in Bickfaya in presence of the chief of State. On that same day, Brian Urqhart, United Nations Assistant Secretary General, arrived to Beirut to prepare the Lebanese-Israeli negotiations regarding an Israeli withdrawal from Southern Lebanon.
September 20, 1984
thursday
  A car bomb exploded next to the US embassy in Aoukar. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack that caused 11 dead and 96 injured. In Sohmor in the West of the Bekaa, the Army of South Lebanon opened fire on a crowd gathered on the place of the village, killing 24 persons and injuring 96.
September 28, 1984
friday
  Richard Murphy, the American under-secretary of State visited Beirut as part of a regional trip in preparation for the Lebanese-Israeli negotiations.
October 2, 1984
tuesday
  The increase of the dollar took dramatic proportions. The green bill exceeded 8 Lebanese Pounds. The President of the Republic held a meeting in Baabda to deal with this crisis. As a result, a series of measures were taken to discourage speculators from contributing to the rise of the Dollar, and put some order in the country's economy.
October 9, 1984
tuesday
  Rachid Karameh delivered a speech at the General Assembly of the United Nations, in which he insisted on the necessity of the withdrawal of Israeli troops from Lebanon. The Prime Minister reiterated his government's attachment to the application of all the resolutions of the Security Council, calling for an unconditional Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon. Nevertheless, the American President Ronald Reagan refused to meet with Karameh, for lack of time as he said.
October 9, 1984
tuesday
  Walid Joumblatt announced in Beirut the birth of a new coalition, the 'National Democratic Front', grouping, besides the PSP, the Communist Party, the Baas, the Syrian Nationalist Party, and the Arab Socialist Union.
October 16, 1984
tuesday
  Hussein El Husseini was elected speaker of the Chamber by 41 votes against 28 votes in favor of his predecessor, Kamel El Assaad.
Born on the 15th of April 1937 in Zahleh, deputy of Baalbeck and the Hermel since 1972, Hussein Husseini is one of the founders of the Movement of the Deprived, that gave birth later to the Amal movement. Then, he became Amal's General Secretary. He resigned from this post on the 17th of June 1980. He was one of the closest collaborators of the Imam Sadr at the head of the Movement of the Deprived, and Amal, as well as in the Superior Shiite Council of which he became a founding member in 1972. From 1972 to 1974, he headed the parliamentary commission of public works and hydroelectric resources. He became since 1972 member of the parliamentary financial and budgetary commission.
October 31, 1984
wednesday
  The United Nations Secretary General, Javier Perez de Cuellar, convoked a Lebanese-Israeli conference to be held on November 5 in Nakoura under the aegis of the United Nations. The negotiations aimed at making security arrangements for the Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon.
November 7, 1984
wednesday
  A new round of Lebanese-Israeli negotiations started in Nakoura, 8 months after the abrogation of the May 17 agreement. These negotiations resumed on November 15. But deep disagreements appeared regarding the roles of the Lebanese Army, the South Lebanon Army and the UNIFL.
November 14, 1984
wednesday
  The Council of Ministers decided to charge the Military Council with the responsibility of deploying the Army from Tripoli to the Awali river.
November 25, 1984
sunday
  The Army took control of Beirut, where 6000 soldiers deployed in the capital but without really controlling the situation.
December 3, 1984
monday
  Guns were still echoing in the Iqlim.
December 7, 1984
friday
  Fights were reported downtown causing the Ring to close.
December 11, 1984
tuesday
  The dollar exceeded 9 Lebanese Pounds.
December 13, 1984
thursday
  The Israelis launched a wide repression operation in South Lebanon. 3,000 men searched the region for members of the Resistance and arrested several of them.
December 15, 1984
satruday
  The Army's deployment plan between Madfoun and the Awali river as well as in the Iqlim El Kharroub was finally executed. The entire population went on strike in South Lebanon to protest against the military operation of December 13.
December 20, 1984
thursday
  The Army deployed its troops in Tripoli.
December 21, 1984
friday
  A car bomb killed five persons and wounded 30 others, including 19 children in Ras El Metn.
December 29, 1984
satruday
  The parents of hostages divided the capital in two in a protest action.
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